Thursday, 21 September 2017

Saint Matthew. Apostle And Evangelist. Feast Day, Today, 21 September.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Matthew. 
   Apostle And Evangelist. 
   Feast Day 21 September.

Double of The Second-Class.

Red Vestments.

English: The Inspiration of Saint Matthew.
Français: L'Inspiration de saint Matthieu.
Date: 1602.
Current location: Contarelli Chapel, Church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, Italy.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Artist: Rene de Cramer.
"Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium".
Used with Permission.

We read in the Gospel, Saint Matthew's own account of his conversion. The Epistle describes the famous vision, where Ezechiel saw four symbolical animals, which, from earliest Centuries, have been recognised as types of The Four Evangelists.

Saint Matthew is represented by the animal with a human face, because he commences his Gospel by tracing the human descent of Jesus. His object in writing this book, which is stamped by true wisdom (Introit), was to prove that Jesus realised The Prophecies relating to The Deliverance of Israel and that He is, therefore, The Messias.

After Pentecost, The Apostle Preached The Good News in Palestine and in Ethiopia, where he was Martyred.

The name of Saint Matthew is in The Canon of The Mass, in the group of The Apostles.

Every Parish Priest Celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Mass: Os justi.
Epistle: Similitudo vultus.
Preface: Of The Holy Apostles.

Wednesday, 20 September 2017

Ember Wednesday In September. And Rogation Days.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Ember Wednesday In September.
   20 September.

Station at Saint Mary Major, Rome.

Violet Vestments.

The Four Seasons of the Year begin with the Liturgical periods known as Ember Weeks. They are known since the 5th-Century A.D., but they were fixed to their present dates by Pope Saint Gregory VII in the 12th-Century.

The Ember Days are Three Fast Days, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday, intended to Consecrate to God the various Seasons in Nature, and to prepare those who are about to be Ordained.

The Gospel recalls Gabriel's mission to Mary to inform her that she was about to become The Mother of God.

No human voice, but an Angel's, must make known the Mystery of such message. Today, for the first time, are heard the words: "The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee." They are heard and believed. "Behold," says Mary, "the handmaid of The Lord, be it done to me according to thy word" (Third Lesson). During seven Centuries, now, Isaias had foretold this Virgin Motherhood (Epistle, Communion).

Rogation Days. Circa 1950:
The Vicar and Sunday School Children go out into the fields to Bless the Crops.
The little boy is carrying a symbolic Tree of Plenty.
Picture Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
Illustration: ABOUT RELIGION

As on other Wednesdays in Ember Weeks, The Station is held at Saint Mary Major, Rome.

The Prophet Amos had foretold in the 8th-Century B.C., the destruction of The Kingdom of Israel and its coming restoration (Lesson). Later on, indeed, Nehemias and Esdras brought back the captives from Babylon and rebuilt Jerusalem. When this work was completed, they all assembled on the first day of the seventh month, when Esdras read to them The Law of Moses and said: "This is The Holy Day of The Lord, be not sad for The Joy of The Lord is our strength" (Epistle and Communion).

The Wednesday in September Ember Week, which month was formerly, as its name shows, the seventh month of the year, recalls this joyous Anniversary, which was a figure of our redemption by Jesus; indeed, the Introit tells us to be thrilled with joy in God our Protector..

This joy is accompanied by the Spirit of Penitence, expressed in the Violet Vestments used, and The Church Prays that we, depriving ourselves of bodily nourishment, may also abstain from sins of the mind (Collect). The Gospel, indeed, speaks of the impure spirit which can only be dispelled by Prayer and Fasting.

Having fallen into sin through our weakness, let us Pray and Fast, that God may give a remedy by His merciful help (Collect before The Lesson).

Mass: Exsultáte Deo.
Preface: Common Preface.

Rogation Days.

Rogation Days, like their distant cousins, The Ember Days, are days set aside to observe
a change in the Seasons. Rogation Days are tied to the Spring planting. There are
Four Rogation Days: The Major Rogation, which falls on 25 April, and Three Minor Rogations, which are Celebrated on the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday immediately
before Ascension Thursday.

For an Abundant Harvest.

As The Catholic Encyclopedia notes, Rogation Days are "Days of Prayer, and formerly,
also of Fasting, instituted by The Church to appease God's anger at man's transgressions,
to ask protection in calamities, and to obtain a good and bountiful harvest."

Illustration: ABOUT RELIGION

Origin of the Word.

Rogation is simply an English form of the Latin "Rogatio", which comes from the verb "Rogare", which means "to ask." The primary purpose of The Rogation Days is to ask God to Bless the fields and the Parish (the geographic area) that they fall in.
The Major Rogation likely replaced the Roman feast of "Robigalia", on which
(The Catholic Encyclopedia notes) "the heathens held processions and supplications to
their gods." While the Romans directed their prayers for good weather and an abundant harvest
to a variety of gods, the Christians made the Tradition their own, by replacing Roman
polytheism with monotheism, and directing their Prayers to God.
By the time of Pope Saint Gregory the Great (540 A.D. - 604 A.D.),
the Christianised Rogation Days were already considered an ancient custom.

The Litany, Procession, and Mass.

The Rogation Days were marked by the recitation of The Litany of The Saints, which would
normally begin in, or at, a Church. After Saint Mary was invoked, the Congregation would
proceed to walk the boundaries of the Parish, while reciting the rest of The Litany (and repeating
it as necessary or supplementing it with some of The Penitential or Gradual Psalms). Thus,
the entire Parish would be Blessed, and the boundaries of the Parish would be marked. The procession would end with a Rogation Mass, in which all in the Parish were expected to take part.

Sunday School Children Celebrate Rogation Day in 1953.
A photo at Market Lavington Museum, Wiltshire, England.

Like The Ember Days, Rogation Days were removed from The Liturgical Calendar when it was revised in 1969, coinciding with the introduction of The Mass of Paul VI (The Novus Ordo).
Parishes can still Celebrate them, though very few in The United States do; but, in portions of Europe, The Major Rogation is still Celebrated with a Procession. As The Western World has become more industrialised, Rogation Days and Ember Days, focused as they are on agriculture and the changes of the Seasons, have seemed less "relevant." Still, they are good ways to keep us in touch with nature and to remind us that The Church's Liturgical Calendar is tied to the changing Seasons.

Celebrating The Rogation Days.

If your Parish does not celebrate The Rogation Days, there's nothing to stop you from Celebrating them yourself. You can mark the Days by reciting The Litany of The Saints. And, while many
modern Parishes, especially in The United States, have boundaries that are too extensive to walk,
you could learn where those boundaries are and walk a portion of them, getting to know your surroundings, and maybe your neighbours, in the process. Finish it all off by attending
daily Mass and Praying for good weather and a fruitful harvest.

Saint Michael's Church, Bunwell, Norfolk, England, has always been the centre of Village Life.
In this picture, taken on Rogation Sunday, April 1967, the Rector, Rev. Samuel Collins,
followed by the Choir, Parishioners, and The New Buckenham Silver Band, walk
The Parish Boundaries and pause to Bless the stream.

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

In The Liturgical Calendar of The Western Christian Churches, Ember Days are four separate Sets of Three Days within the same Week — specifically, the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday — roughly equidistant in the circuit of the Year, that are set aside for Fasting and Prayer.

These Days set apart for Special Prayer and Fasting were considered especially suitable for The Ordination of Clergy. The Ember Days are known in Latin as the "quattuor anni tempora" (the "Four Seasons of The Year"), or, formerly, as the "jejunia quattuor temporum" ("Fasts of The Four Seasons").

The Four Quarterly Periods, during which The Ember Days fall, are called The Embertides.

The Vigil Of Saint Matthew. Apostle And Evangelist. 20 September.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

The Vigil Of Saint Matthew. 
   Apostle And Evangelist. 
   20 September.


Violet Vestments.

English: The Inspiration of Saint Matthew.
Français: L'Inspiration de saint Matthieu.
Date: 1602.
Current location: Contarelli Chapel, Church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, Italy.
(Wikimedia Commons)

In order to honour the high dignity of The Apostles (Secret), The Church prepares us for their Feasts by a Vigil. She therefore Commemorates on this day Saint Matthew by special Collects and by The Last Gospel of The Mass in which Saint Luke relates the call of this Apostle.

A Galilean by birth, his name before his conversion was Levi; he was a publican. This profession was that of a collector of The Roman Taxes and was very odious to the Jews, who were thus reminded of their dependence.

Generally harsh and greedy, the publican was considered by the Pharisees to be the type of the sinner. Wherefore The Church shows us Jesus as the healer of Souls whom He calls to Penance (Gospel).

Mass: Ego autem.

Saint Eustace And His Companions. Martyrs. Feast Day 20 September.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Eustace And His Companions. 
   Feast Day 20 September.


Red Vestments.

English: Saint Eustace.
Français: Saint Eustace.
Русский: Евстафий Плакида.
Date: 17th-Century.
Author: Anonymous.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Eustace, also called Placidus, was illustrious at Rome, for his birth, his riches, and his Military valour. "One day," says the Legend, "while he was hunting a stag of extraordinary size, the animal suddenly turned and between its horns was seen a Crucifix."

Called by The Saviour, Eustace henceforth only pursued immortal life and, with his wife and two children, he enrolled himself in The Christian Militia. The Benedictine Abbey of Subiaco possessed for a long time the mountain where, according to Tradition, was shown the spot where the apparition had taken place.

Made a General in the Army by The Emperor Trajan, Eustace returned victorious from an expedition, but, having refused to thank the gods for this triumph, he was arrested and exposed to the Lions with his wife and children. The wild beasts, however, did them no harm.

"They were then shut up in a red-hot brazen bull," declares The Martyrology. "and their Martyrdom was completed by this torture." This was under Emperor Hadrian in 120 A.D.

Saint Eustace is one of The Fourteen Auxiliary Saints (see The Feast Day for 25 July).

Mass: Sapiéntiam.
Commemoration: Of The Vigil of Saint Matthew.

Tuesday, 19 September 2017

Solemn Pontifical Mass. Cathedral Basilica Of Saints Peter And Paul. Philadelphia. The Feast Of The Exaltation Of The Holy Cross. Thanksgiving For Summorum Pontificum.

This Article, by Gregory Dipippo, 
is taken from, and can be read in full at,

Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, Philadelphia, United States of America.

Solemn Pontifical Mass at The Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, Philadelphia,
for The Feast of The Exaltation of The Holy Cross.
The Celebrant was His Excellency Bishop Joseph Perry, Auxiliary of Chicago.

The Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, Head Church of The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia. It was built from 1846-1864 and was designed by Napoleon LeBrun – from original plans by Reverends Mariano Muller and John B. Tornatore – with the Dome and Palladian facade designed by John Notman and Rev. John T. Mahoney added after 1850. The Interior was largely decorated by Constantino Brumidi. The Cathedral is the largest Catholic Church in
Pennsylvania, and was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1971.
(Source: Philadelphia Architecture: A Guide to the City (2nd ed.)
Photo: 3 May 2013.
Source:  Own work.
Author: Beyond My Ken.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Januarius And His Companions. Martyrs. Feast Day 19 September.

English: The Martyrdom of Saint Januarius in the Amphitheatre at Pozzuoli.
Artist: Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653).
Date: Circa 1636.
Current location: Cathedral in PozzuoliNaplesItaly.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Januarius (San Gennaro) and his Companions.
   Feast Day 19 September.


Red Vestments.

"At Pozzuoli, in Campania, Italy," says The Roman Martyrology, "The Feast of The Holy Martyrs, Januarius (San Gennaro), Bishop of Beneventum, Festus (his Deacon), Desiderius (his Lector), Socius (a Deacon of The Church at Misenum, Proculus (a Deacon of Pozzuoli, Eutychius, and Acutius, who, after having been bound with chains, were cast into prison and beheaded, under Emperor Diocletian (305 A.D.).

The body of Saint Januarius was taken to Naples and honourably buried in the Church where his blood is still preserved in a glass phial. When the phial is placed near the head of The Holy Martyr, the blood liquefies and bubbles as if it had just been shed."

This Miracle, known as The Miracle of Saint Januarius, still takes place. The blood, contained in two glass phials where it is coagulated into a dark-red mass, increases in volume and weight; on liquefying, it becomes bright-red, while the surface is covered with bubbles, wherefore it is said to boil.

The Miracle takes place three times a year: During the Feast of May, lasting nine days, from the First Sunday in the Month; in September, during eight days, from 19 September to 26 September; and on 16 December.

Mass: Salus autem.
Gospel: Sedénte Jesu.

Monday, 18 September 2017

Bishops Consecrate Scotland To The Sacred Heart Of Jesus And To The Immaculate Heart Of Mary.

This Article is taken from, and can be read in full at,

The Archbishop of Glasgow, Philip Tartaglia.
Illustration: FSSPX NEWS

Several thousand Faithful gathered in Carfin, Scotland, as the Bishops Consecrated their Country to The Sacred Heart of Jesus and The Immaculate Heart of Mary.

"We Consecrate Scotland to You; all that we have, all that we love, all that we are. To You, we give our minds and hearts, our bodies and Souls".

Such were the terms of the Solemn Act, read by The Scottish Bishops on 3 September 2017, after a Forty Days of Preparation Campaign.

Bishop John Keenan, of Paisley, explained to The Catholic Herald Newspaper that The Laity had begun the initiative for the Consecration. They had sent “continual Letters” asking that Scotland be Consecrated, in the spirit of The Consecration of Russia that Our Lady requested in Fatima, Portugal, one hundred years ago.
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